The face of a Scottish fold is almost 'owl-like', with their large eyes and gently folded ears. The folds come in three degrees; single fold, double fold and triple fold. The triple fold being the most folded and usually found in only show cats. There are non-folded versions of this cat; called straight eared (or Scottish Shorthairs). The straight-eared variety is not accepted in most cat shows, but is very important in breeding programs. The ear folds are not present at birth, but rather they begin to develop, or in some cases not to develop, at about two to four weeks of age. By three months of age the degree of folding will be finished and will remain for the life of the cat. The hair of the Scottish Fold is dense, short and plush. The longhaired versions of this cat are a separate breed called the Highland Fold, Coupari, or Longhair Fold. Discussion of this cat can be found under any of these names. The shorthaired variety comes in a wide spectrum of colors including, cream, blue, white, orange, and black. In addition to the solid colors Scottish Folds are often seen in bi-color variations of white and one of the above colors as well as Tortoiseshell, Calico and Tabby. The appealing large eyes of the Scottish Fold are seen in blue, green, gold, copper, hazel or odd-eyed (containing two eyes of differing colors). The eye color will often depend on the color of the coat. The body of the Scottish Fold is of medium size, with adult males weighing 9-13 pounds and adult females, 6-9 pounds. The Scottish Fold's sweet expression is enhanced by the shape of their face. The Scottish Fold has pronounced whisker pads, combined with a curved mouth this will often produce and expression akin to a smile
Well bred Scottish Fold cats are not subject to any specific diseases. A Scottish Fold bred from two folded parents will often develop a condition called, 'congenital osteodystrophy'. This is a degenerative joint disease that can cripple the affected animal. No responsible breeding program will ever mate two folded cats for this reason.
The only other specific care need is regular brushing to remove unwanted hair. Brushing should occur two to three times a week.
There is one medical problem that has been found to be related to Scottish Fold breeding. If both parents have folded ears, their kittens will be extremely prone to developing a painful degenerative joint disease that fuses the tail, ankles and knees. This condition also affects Scottish folds with one copy of the fold gene, to a lesser degree, and is the reason the breed is not accepted by the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy and the Fédération Internationale Féline
The Scottish Fold is a gentle, loving, curly eared cat, who enjoys nothing more than to display and receive affection. If you are looking for a sweet natured, loving companion, you should definitely consider making the Scottish Fold a part of your family.
The Scottish Fold has one of the sweetest dispositions found among felines. This cat loves to be held and cuddled. He even enjoys being carried around in various positions. This laid back creature is as content lying beside you as you relax on your favorite armchair, as he is in a houseful of playful children. The Scottish Fold makes a terrific house pet. Unlike many other cats, he does not have a predisposition to climbing and jumping on furniture and other household items. The Scottish Fold is not a talkative cat; in fact, he is very quiet. It is very rare that any are able to hear his tiny little voice. He gets along well with other cats and dogs. It is often recommended that the owner of a Scottish Fold get a second cat if they cannot be with their Fold much of the time. The Scottish Fold is a very social animal and greatly needs the company of his human family. This is a very adaptable cat that can adjust to almost any living environment. From apartment living in the city, to living in a large rustic farmhouse; this feline will be quite happy as long as he is not left alone. This is not a demanding cat, unlike other breeds, his only requirements are that you love him like he loves you. His activity level can be described as moderate, while he does love to lie next to you, sometimes even on his back, he also enjoys playing. But typically he likes to play with you not by himself.
The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat with a natural mutation to its ears. The ear cartilage contains a fold so the ears bend forward and down towards the front of their head.
The original Scottish Fold was a long-haired white-haired barn cat named Susie, who was found at a farm near Coupar Angus in Perthshire, Scotland in 1961. Susie's ears had an unusual fold in their middle, making her resemble an owl. When Susie had kittens, two of them were born with folded ears, and one of the siblings was acquired by William Ross, a neighbouring farmer and cat-fancier. Ross registered the breed with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy in Great Britain and started to breed Scottish Fold kittens with the help of geneticist Pat Turner. The breeding program produced 76 kittens in the first three years - 42 with folded ears and 34 with straight ears. The conclusion from this was that the ear mutation is due to a simple dominant gene. If one parent provides the gene for straight ears, and one parent provides the gene for folded ears, the kittens will be Folds.
The breed was not accepted for showing in Great Britain and Europe as it was felt that they would be extremely prone to ear problems such as infection, mites and deafness, but the folds were exported to America and the breed continued to be established there using crosses with British Shorthair and the American Shorthair
Descended from Scotland in the 1960's the Scottish Fold has been the subject of debate among some registries. The debate has been centered on the folds and whether or not it contributes to deafness in this breed. It is argued that the some of the original Scottish Folds were deaf, but not due to the folds, but rather because the deaf gene often associated with blue eyed white cats, was present in the breeding lines. Some registries, particularly the GCCF of Great Britain have still not accepted this cat due to this debate. The Scottish Fold is, however, accepted by many worldwide registries.
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